10 Simple Steps on How to Start a Turkey Farm Business Today

The idea of starting a turkey farm business may not seem like the most appealing thing at first, but hear me out. Did you know that turkey meat is one of the most consumed types of poultry in the world? Not only can you make huge profits from selling turkey meat, but there is also a growing demand for turkey products globally. With Thanksgiving around the corner, there has never been a better time to start your own turkey farm business.

Starting a turkey farm business is not as difficult as you may think. It requires hard work, dedication, and a passion for farming. You’ll need to invest in land, equipment, and stock. However, once everything is set up, you’ll be able to generate a considerable income. Turkey farming can be a lucrative business if done correctly. With the right knowledge and the right approach, you can build a profitable turkey farm that can last for generations.

For those who are willing to take the risk and dive into the world of turkey farming, the rewards can be mouthwatering. There is a growing demand for turkey meat and products, and there is a lot of room for innovation and experimentation in this industry. With the right mindset, knowledge, and passion, you can build a successful turkey farm business that can not only generate profits but also contribute to the food industry’s sustainability. So why not give it a shot and take a gander at starting your very own turkey farm business?

Turkey Breeds suitable for farming

Choosing the right breed of turkey is crucial to your turkey farm business. There are many breeds of turkeys available for farming, but not all of them are suitable for commercial purposes. The following are the most common turkey breeds that are suitable for farming:

  • Narragansett
  • Bronze
  • White Holland
  • Broad-Breasted White
  • Broad-Breasted Bronze

The above-mentioned breeds have been selectively bred over a long period to ensure their suitability for meat production, egg-laying, and other commercial purposes. They have desirable traits such as fast growth rates, high meat yield, and low maintenance costs, making them the perfect choice for turkey farming.

Feeding guidelines for turkeys

Feeding turkeys correctly is essential to ensure their proper development. Nutritious food plays a crucial role in raising healthy turkeys that are fit for use in any business. In this section, we will discuss the most effective feeding guidelines for turkeys.

  • Protein intake: Feeding turkeys the right amount of protein is vital. It promotes muscle development and growth. Optimal protein levels for turkeys under 12 weeks are 28% to 30%, and for turkeys over 12 weeks, 18% to 20%.
  • Vitamins and minerals: Turkeys require vitamins and minerals in their diet for optimal growth. They need vitamins A, D, E, and K, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, calcium, and phosphorus.
  • Feeding ratios: Young turkeys require more feed than adults. They need a starter ration for their first four weeks, then grower ration until 12 weeks of age, and then switch to a maintenance ration afterward. Adult turkeys only need a maintenance diet.

It’s essential to understand that turkeys need a balanced diet with all the necessary nutrients for growth and development. Keeping an accurate record of the turkey’s feed consumption is crucial to determine whether they are consuming enough food for their needs. Poor feeding practices or feeding the wrong types of food can lead to health problems and even death in turkeys.

Below is a table that shows the recommended feed intake per turkey per day:

Turkey Age (Weeks) Starter Grower Maintenance
0-4 1 pound
4-8 1 pound
8-12 1.75 pounds
12-18 2-2.5 pounds
18-24 2.5-3.5 pounds

By following these feeding guidelines for turkeys, you’ll be able to raise healthy and strong turkeys that will be an asset to your business.

Housing Requirements for Turkeys

Proper housing is a key component to a successful turkey farm business. When it comes to turkeys, the main considerations include space, ventilation, temperature, and cleanliness. Here are some important things to keep in mind:

  • Space: A general rule of thumb is to provide at least 3-4 square feet of space per turkey. However, this can vary depending on the breed, size, and age of the birds. Make sure to provide enough space for turkeys to move around comfortably without overcrowding each other.
  • Ventilation: Good ventilation is crucial for turkeys, especially during hot weather. Proper air circulation helps to prevent issues such as respiratory problems and heat stress. Make sure there are adequate vents or fans to provide a steady flow of fresh air into the housing area.
  • Temperature: Turkeys are sensitive to temperature changes and need a stable environment to thrive. The ideal temperature depends on the age of the birds, but generally, temperatures should be kept between 65-75°F for adult turkeys and 85-90°F for young poults. Use temperature sensors to monitor the temperature and ensure it stays within the appropriate range.

In addition to these considerations, it’s important to keep the housing area clean and dry to prevent the growth of harmful bacteria and parasites that can cause disease. Regularly clean and disinfect the area, and provide fresh bedding materials such as straw or wood shavings to absorb moisture and keep the birds comfortable.

Designing the perfect housing setup for turkeys may take trial and error, but keeping these key components in mind can help ensure a successful and profitable turkey farm business.


  • https://articles.extension.org/pages/68413/housing-poultry: University of Minnesota Extension
  • https://www.farmersweekly.co.za/animals/poultry/housing-turkeys-their-requirements/: Farmers Weekly

Below is a table summarizing the recommended housing requirements for turkeys:

Species/ Age Space Requirement (Sq. ft. per turkey) Temperature Range (°F)
Large Breeds/ adults 3-4 65-75
Small Breeds/ adults 2-3 65-75
Poults (0-4 weeks) 2-3 85-90
Poults (4-8 weeks) 3-4 75-80

Remember, adequately designing housing space for your turkeys require caring for your turkeys to ensure their well-being and maximum productivity. Happy, healthy turkeys are likely to produce high-quality meat and eggs, the ultimate goal of turkey farming businesses.

Selecting the Right Location for a Turkey Farm

One of the most important decisions you will make when starting a turkey farm is selecting the right location. The right location will ensure that your turkeys have access to adequate food, water, and shelter, and that they are protected from predators and the elements. Here are some factors to consider when choosing a location for your turkey farm:

  • Climate: Consider the climate of the area where you plan to start your turkey farm. Turkeys are particularly sensitive to temperature extremes, so it’s important to choose a location where the climate is mild and consistent. Avoid areas with extreme temperature swings or high humidity, which can lead to heat stress and other health problems.
  • Access to Water: Turkeys require fresh, clean water at all times, so it’s important to choose a location that has a reliable source of water. This could include a nearby river or stream, a well, or a municipal water supply.
  • Land Availability: Turkeys require a significant amount of space to roam and forage, so it’s important to choose a location where land is available and affordable. Look for areas with ample pastureland and a mix of trees and bushes, which will provide shade and shelter for your birds.

In addition to these factors, it’s also important to consider proximity to markets, transportation infrastructure, and zoning laws when choosing a location for your turkey farm. You may also want to consult with local officials, agricultural experts, and other turkey farmers in the area to get a better understanding of the best locations for your farm.

To help you choose the right location, you may want to create a checklist or spreadsheet of all the factors you need to consider, and rank each factor based on its importance. This will help you make a more informed decision and avoid common pitfalls when starting your turkey farm.

Disease prevention and control in turkeys

When it comes to starting a turkey farm business, disease prevention and management should always be a top priority. As with any animal husbandry operation, the health and wellbeing of the animals should be the number one concern. Failing to properly prevent and control disease outbreaks could have detrimental effects on the turkey population as well as your bottom line.

  • Proper hygiene: The first and most important step in disease prevention is maintaining proper hygiene practices. This includes regular cleaning and disinfection of all equipment, tools, and the turkey housing area. You should also clean and disinfect any clothing, vehicles, or other equipment before entering and after exiting the turkey housing area.
  • Vaccinations: Vaccinating your turkeys is vital for disease prevention. Consult with a veterinarian to determine the appropriate vaccines for your flock based on their age, location, and any potential risks or threats in your area. Make sure to administer the vaccines properly and at the recommended times.
  • Biosecurity measures: Establishing biosecurity measures can help prevent disease outbreaks from entering your turkey farm. This can include limiting visitors, implementing a quarantine for new birds, and controlling rodents and other potential disease carriers.

In addition to prevention measures, having a solid plan in place for disease management is crucial. This includes:

  • Having a relationship with a veterinarian who is knowledgeable about turkey health and diseases.
  • Being able to recognize the signs of diseases and acting quickly to isolate and treat affected birds.
  • Properly disposing of sick or deceased birds to prevent the spread of disease.

It’s also important to have a plan in place for communicating with other farmers in your area in case of a disease outbreak. This can help contain the outbreak and prevent further spread.

Common diseases in turkeys Prevention and management
Avian influenza Proper hygiene, vaccination
Mycoplasma gallisepticum Flock testing, isolation and treatment of infected birds
Blackhead disease Biosecurity measures, proper management of manure

By following these disease prevention and management strategies, you can help ensure the health and wellbeing of your turkey flock and the success of your turkey farm business.

Turkey Flock Management – Egg Production and Incubation

When running a turkey farm business, managing your turkey flock’s egg production and incubation process is crucial to ensure the quality and quantity of your products. Here are some tips to guide you:

  • Invest in quality turkey breeders to ensure a better yield of fertile eggs. Turkeys are seasonal breeders, and the highest rate of fertility typically occurs in the spring and early summer months.
  • Gather eggs daily to ensure their freshness and quality. Dirty eggs should be cleaned with a cloth dampened with warm water and dried immediately to prevent bacteria growth and contamination.
  • Store eggs in a cool and dry place with optimal temperatures between 50-60 °F, away from direct sunlight and strong odors.

Once you have gathered your eggs, the next step is incubation. Here are some factors to consider during the incubation process:

  • Choose between natural incubation using a turkey hen or artificial incubation using an incubator. Artificial incubation is more common as it offers better success rates, but natural incubation can be used in smaller farms. Ensure that the incubator’s temperature and humidity levels are optimal and consistent throughout the incubation period.
  • The incubation process usually takes 28 days, depending on the specific breed. During this time, the eggs should be turned at least three times a day to prevent the embryo from sticking to the shell and to ensure its proper development.
  • Monitor the incubation process regularly to ensure that the temperature and humidity levels remain stable. Deviations from optimal values can lead to low hatch rates or malformations of the chicks.

To sum up, managing your turkey flock’s egg production and incubation process requires attention to detail, consistency, and proper equipment. By following these tips, you can ensure that your turkey farm business produces high-quality products to meet market demand.

Marketing strategies for a turkey farm business

Marketing plays a crucial role in the success of any business, and a turkey farm is no exception. Here are some effective marketing strategies that you can implement to promote your turkey farm business:

  • Build a strong social media presence: Social media is an excellent platform to reach out to potential customers. You can create social media pages for your turkey farm and regularly post updates, pictures, and videos to showcase your products and services. Share valuable content related to turkey farming to attract a wider audience.
  • Offer discounts and promotions: Offering discounts and promotions can be an effective way to attract new customers and retain existing ones. You can offer discounts to first-time customers and run seasonal promotions on your products to keep customers coming back.
  • Collaborate with local businesses: Collaborating with local businesses can help you reach out to a new audience. For instance, you can partner with local restaurants and grocery stores to supply them with your turkey products. This can help you build a mutually beneficial relationship and increase your sales.

Apart from these strategies, you can also focus on building a strong brand image, participating in local events and fairs, and investing in advertising. Remember, the key to a successful marketing strategy is to understand your target audience, connect with them, and provide value.

To make things easier for you, we have created a table below detailing the most common marketing strategies for turkey farm businesses, along with their pros and cons:

Marketing Strategy Pros Cons
Social Media Marketing Cost-effective, great for building a strong online presence, reaches a wider audience Can be time-consuming, requires consistent effort to maintain engagement
Offering discounts/promotions Attracts new customers, retains existing ones, increases sales Can lower profit margins, regular promotions can reduce brand value
Collaborating with local businesses Targets a new audience, builds a mutually beneficial relationship May be difficult to find compatible businesses, requires negotiation and coordination

By implementing these marketing strategies, you can establish a strong brand presence and make your turkey farm business stand out in the market.

Financing options and resources for starting a turkey farm

Starting a turkey farm can be an exciting and profitable business venture when done correctly. However, finding the necessary financing can be a challenge. Here are some financing options and resources to help you get started:

  • Traditional loans: Many banks and lending institutions offer loans specifically for agricultural businesses. These loans can be used for land acquisition, construction of turkey houses, and purchasing equipment.
  • Government programs: The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) offers several loan and grant programs specifically for farmers. These include the Farm Service Agency (FSA) loan programs and the Rural Economic Development Loan and Grant (REDLG) program. Checking with your local USDA office can provide more information on eligibility and requirements.
  • Private investors: There are investors who are specifically interested in funding agriculture ventures. Consider pitching your turkey farm business plan to individuals or firms that focus on agriculture investment.

It’s essential to have a solid business plan before approaching any potential financing options. This will demonstrate your understanding of the turkey farming industry and the potential for a profitable business. There are several resources available to help you develop a comprehensive business plan:

  • Agricultural Extension Programs: Check with your local university extension program for resources and experts who can help create a business plan.
  • USDA resources: The USDA offers a variety of resources, including guides and templates, to help with business planning.
  • Industry associations: Joining an industry association can provide access to resources and experts who can guide you through the process of writing a business plan. The National Turkey Federation is a great place to start.

In addition to traditional financing options and business planning resources, there are some turkey farming-specific resources that can be helpful:

The National Turkey Federation offers resources for turkey farmers, including educational materials, industry news, and networking opportunities. The organization can also provide guidance on industry regulations and best practices.

Resource Description
Poultry Science Associations The Poultry Science Association is an association of professional poultry scientists that serves the needs of the poultry industry through research, education, and consultation.
Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) The AMS provides many resources for poultry farmers, including market reports, grading and certification standards, and more.
US Poultry & Egg Association This organization is a membership-based association that offers a wide range of resources and networking opportunities for poultry farmers and industry professionals.

By utilizing these resources and financing options, you can make the dream of owning a turkey farm a reality.

Legal and regulatory requirements for turkey farming business

Starting a turkey farming business requires compliance with various legal and regulatory requirements. Failing to meet these requirements can lead to legal issues and financial penalties. Below are some of the legal and regulatory requirements that turkey farming business owners must adhere to:

  • Licensing and permits: Turkey farming businesses may require licenses and permits from local, state, or federal authorities. Each location has different licensing requirements, so business owners should research the specific requirements in their area.
  • Zoning regulations: Turkey farming may fall under agricultural zoning regulations, so it is important to ensure that the land is zoned appropriately before starting the business. Zoning restrictions may also dictate the location of the turkey farming operation and any additional buildings on the property.
  • Environmental regulations: Turkey farming operations may have an impact on the environment, and as a result, business owners must comply with environmental regulations set by the government. These regulations may include proper waste disposal, manure management, and water usage.

Business owners must also ensure the safety and well-being of the turkeys under their care. The government sets standards for animal health and treatment under the Animal Welfare Act (AWA) and The Poultry Products Inspection Act (PPIA).

Additionally, turkey farming businesses must adhere to food safety regulations. The PPIA and other regulations oversee the handling and processing of poultry products to ensure that they are safe for consumers to eat.

Complying with legal and regulatory requirements can be challenging for business owners. It is important to research and understand these requirements before starting a turkey farming business to avoid any legal issues down the road.

Requirement Government Agency
Licensing and permits Local, state, or federal authorities
Zoning regulations Municipal or county zoning board
Environmental regulations EPA
Animal welfare USDA AWA
Food safety USDA FSIS

Understanding and complying with legal and regulatory requirements is essential for a successful turkey farming business. Business owners should consult with professionals or government agencies to ensure that they are meeting all necessary requirements.

Tools and equipment required for turkey farming

Turkey farming can be a profitable business, but it requires specific tools and equipment to ensure the birds are healthy and comfortable. Here are some essential tools and equipment every turkey farmer needs:

  • Incubator: This equipment is essential if you plan to hatch your turkey eggs. It allows you to control temperature, humidity, and ventilation for optimal hatching conditions.
  • Brooder: Once the eggs have hatched, the baby turkeys (called poults) need to be kept warm and dry. A brooder is a heat lamp that provides warmth to the poults.
  • Feeders and Waterers: It is essential to provide plenty of fresh water and food for your turkeys. Look for feeders and waterers specifically designed for turkeys to avoid waste and ensure they are easy to clean.
  • Coop: Turkeys need a safe and secure place to roost at night. A coop should provide at least 2-3 square feet of space per turkey and have good ventilation and easy access to food and water.
  • Perches: Turkeys need perches to roost on at night. Use sturdy branches or wooden planks for perches, and make sure they are at least 18 inches off the ground.
  • Bedding Material: Turkeys need plenty of bedding to keep them dry, warm, and comfortable. Common bedding materials include straw, wood shavings, or chopped cornstalks.
  • Heater: Depending on your climate, you may need a heater to keep your turkeys warm during cold weather.
  • Netting or Fencing: To keep your turkeys safe from predators, you’ll need to secure your coop and run area with netting or fencing.
  • Thermometer and Hygrometer: Monitoring the temperature and humidity in your coop is crucial for your turkeys’ health and well-being. A thermometer and hygrometer can help you keep track of these factors.
  • Gloves and Boots: Finally, remember to protect yourself while working with turkeys. Wear gloves and boots to avoid getting pecked or scratched.


Starting a turkey farm requires specific tools and equipment for the proper care and housing of the birds. From incubators and feeders to coops and perches, making sure you have all the necessary supplies will help ensure that your turkeys are healthy and comfortable.

Tool/Equipment Purpose
Incubator Control temperature, humidity, and ventilation for optimal hatching conditions.
Brooder Provide heat to poults after hatching.
Feeders/Waterers Provide fresh water and food for turkeys.
Coop Provide safe and secure resting area for turkeys.
Perches Provide roosting area for turkeys.
Bedding material Provide warmth and comfort for turkeys.
Heater Provide warmth during cold weather.
Netting/Fencing Protect turkeys from predators.
Thermometer/Hygrometer Monitor temperature and humidity in the coop.
Gloves/Boots Protect farmer from pecks and scratches.

Make sure you have all the necessary supplies before starting your turkey farm. Good luck!

FAQs on How to Start a Turkey Farm Business

1. What are the basic requirements to start a turkey farm business?

To start a turkey farm business, you need to consider factors such as the location, adequate resources, knowledge about the breed of turkeys, equipment, and funding. It is also essential to have a viable business plan to guide the process.

2. What breed of turkeys should I choose?

There are several breeds of turkeys to choose from. The most common ones include Broad Breasted White, Broad Breasted Bronze, Bourbon Red, and Narragansett. Consider the size of the birds, market demand, adaptability, and suitability for your location before making a choice.

3. Can I start a turkey farm business on a small scale?

Yes, you can start a turkey farm business on a small scale by raising a few turkeys in your backyard. However, you need to ensure that you abide by the regulations set by your local authorities and meet the necessary requirements.

4. How do I market my turkey products?

You can market your turkey products through various channels such as social media platforms, local farmers’ markets, and online marketplaces such as Amazon and Etsy. Create a marketing strategy that targets your customer base and offers them quality products and excellent customer service.

5. How do I ensure the health and welfare of my turkeys?

Turkeys require proper nutrition, adequate living space, and protection from predators, disease, and harsh weather conditions. Consult with a veterinarian to develop a health plan for your birds that includes regular checkups and vaccinations.

6. What skills do I need to start a turkey farm business?

Starting a turkey farm business requires skills such as livestock management, budgeting, marketing, bookkeeping, and networking. You can gain these skills through research, training, and working with experienced farmers.

7. What are the potential risks involved in starting a turkey farm business?

Starting a turkey farm business comes with risks such as low market demand, disease outbreaks, bad weather conditions, and natural disasters. However, you can mitigate these risks by having contingency plans, insurance, and a sound business model.

Closing Thoughts

Thank you for reading this article on how to start a turkey farm business. We hope that the FAQs and tips we provided have been helpful in guiding you towards your goals. Remember, starting a turkey farm business requires patience, hard work, and dedication. However, with the right mindset and resources, you can build a successful and sustainable enterprise that will bring profits and joy for years to come. Don’t hesitate to visit our website again for more informative articles and tips on farming and agriculture. Good luck!